Simple Plan Healthy Homes

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Simple Plan Healthy Homes

There are some basic principles that must be observed in order to obtain suitable and comfortable dwelling when built a house. The scale, proportion, color, contrast and balance are some basic principles in building a house, because house is one of several basic human needs, in addition to clothing, food and health. Therefore, the house should be planned to meet the criteria for a healthy home, safe and comfortable for the occupants do not get problems, especially health problems, so they are more productive in living their daily lives. Basically house is a shelter that is very important for the life of every person. The house is not merely as a place to unwind after a day's work, but it contains an important meaning as a place to build a family life healthy, safe and prosperous.

Home healthy and livable does not have tangible and large luxury homes, houses built in a simple can also be a healthy and decent home to live in. A healthy home is a house built with attention to the physical, chemical, biological inside the home or in residential areas so that residents or people who inhabit the region to obtain optimal health status.

Principles of Healthy Homes Design 

By applying a healthy home design will definitely make you feel comfortable and at ease, in addition to a healthy home design is also very suitable and can be implemented with a variety of exterior and interior design style house.

Construction of homes and neighborhoods that do not meet health requirements is a risk factor for the transmission source of various kinds of diseases, especially diseases based environment.
Here are the basic principles of a healthy home that you can apply the concept of a healthy home design minimalist, simple, modern and others:
  • Natural lighting, sunlight can be optimally used as a source of healthy natural lighting in your home with the guidelines:
  1. The orientation of the building, with the geographical conditions of Indonesia are located in the equator, the building should be facing north-south to avoid the heat and direct sunlight.
  2. The size of the room and window, adjust the size of the room with a window so that light can enter into the room thoroughly.
  • Ventilation, natural ventilation principle is to create air circulation by inserting fresh air into the room and hot air flowing out through the windows positioned strategically.
  • To fulfill the need for clean water.
  • The parts of the building such as floor and wall not humid and not affected pollution as unpleasant odor, seepage of dirty water and dirty air.
  • Waste management, waste management system that is both important to avoid contamination of water supplies in your home and Waste water disposal well regulated so as not to cause pollution. Good waste management can be achieved by following the pattern of waste placement as follows:
  1. Shelter rainwater, rain water can be collected and used for many daily necessities such as flush toilets, gardening, or washing the car. With rainwater harvesting and reuse your healthy home will be more efficient, environmentally friendly.
  2. Translucent layer of water, extensive water catchment areas in the narrow land can be achieved by optimize the use of coating / water translucent surface such as grass and grass block on the page, the car park (carport), and the road so that water can flow and seep naturally into in the soil.

In general, the house can be said to be healthy if it meets the following criteria: 
  1. Meet the physiological needs include lighting, penghawan and enough room to maneuver, to avoid disturbing noise. 
  2. Meet the psychological needs include sufficient privacy, healthy communication between family members and residents. 
  3. Meet the requirements of the prevention of transmission of disease among residents with water supply, management of faeces and household waste, are free of disease vectors and rodents, which are not excessive population density, enough morning sun, sheltered from the contamination of food and drink, in addition to the lighting and temperature sufficient. 
  4. Meet the requirement to prevent accidents due to circumstances arising either outside or inside the home, among others, the position of the border road, the construction of which is not easy to collapse, non-flammable and does not tend to make the occupants skids.

The following are some standards in building homes

1. Building Materials 
Not made from materials that may release substances that can be harmful to health, among others, as follows: 
  1. Dust total no more than 150 g m3 
  2. Asbestos-free does not exceed 0.5 fibers / m3 / 4hr
  3. Lead does not exceed 300 mg / kg
Not made ​​of materials that can be growth and development of pathogenic microorganisms

2. Components and spatial arrangement of the house. 
Housing components must meet the requirements of the physical and biological as follows :
  • Floor waterproof and easy to clean 
  • Wall 
  1. In the bedroom, the living room is equipped with ventilation means for setting air circulation 
  2. In the bathroom and wash area must be watertight and easy to clean 
  • Ceiling ( ceiling ) must be easy to clean and is not prone to accidents 
  • Roof house which has a height of 10 meters or more should be equipped with lightning rods 
  • Room in the house must be laid out to serve as a living room , family room , dining room , bedroom, kitchen, bath room and children's playroom . 
  • The kitchen space should be equipped with a means of exhaust fumes . 

3. Lighting.
A healthy home should get a supply of sufficient light. Lack of light that enters the house will make it easier for germs to breed in your house. But should not be excessive also because it can dazzle your eyes and can cause damage to your eyes. Natural or artificial lighting directly or indirectly can illuminate the entire room a minimum intensity of 60 lux and not dazzling .

4. Air Quality. 
The air quality in the house does not exceed the following provisions: 
  1. Comfortable air temperature ranged between l8 ° C to 30 ° C 
  2. Air humidity ranging from 40% to 70% 
  3. Gas concentration SO2 does not exceed 0.10 ppm / 24 hours 
  4. Air exchange 
  5. Gas concentration CO2 does not exceed 100 ppm / 8 hours 
  6. Formaldehyde gas concentration does not exceed 120 mg / m3 
5. Ventilation. 
Natural ventilation (inhabitat)
One of the main criteria of a house in order to be a healthy home is the presence of good air circulation and sufficient and good natural lighting. Both of these can be obtained with a sufficient number of vents and windows of your home. The main function of ventilation is to maintain air circulation went so well that oxygen balance is required residents can be maintained. Lack of ventilation will cause not smooth air circulation so that it will make the house become stuffy and claustrophobic. Extensive permanent natural ventilation at least 10% of the floor area. 

6. Animals infectious diseases.
No rodents, insects or cockroaches nesting in the house .

7. Water
  1. Available minimum water with a capacity of 60 L / day / person 
  2. Clean water is available with a minimum capacity of 60 L / day / person
8. The availability of storage facilities safe and hygienic food.

9. Waste
Liquid waste originating from home, do not pollute water sources, odorless and does not pollute the soil surface.
Solid waste must be managed so as not to cause odor, does not cause pollution to the soil surface and ground water.

10. The density of residential bedroom.
Spacious sleeping area of ​​at least 8 m2 and is not recommended to use more than two people sleeping in one bedroom, except for children under the age of 5 years.

When studied further it is only logical whole society occupy the house healthy and livable. The house is not enough just as a shelter and refuge from the hot weather or rain, the house must also guarantee the creation of conditions such as the following:
  1. Preventing disease
  2. Preventing accidents
  3. Provide security and comfort for occupants
Plan a healthy home must not only pay attention to the physical aspects of his home course, but a pleasant and comfortable atmosphere in the house must also be considered by its inhabitants, this atmosphere can be obtained by filling the days with the family with compassion and love. Thus your house will be categorized as a healthy home. Congratulations to plan healthy home safe and comfortable for your family

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